Travels with a Donkey in the Cevennes (1879) is one of Robert Louis Stevenson's earliest published works and is considered a pioneering classic of outdoor literature. Stevenson was in his late 20s and still dependent on his parents for support. His journey was designed to provide material for publication while allowing him to distance himself from a love affair with an American woman of which his friends and families did not approve and who had returned to her husband in California. Travels recounts Stevenson's 12-day, 120-mile solo hiking journey through the sparsely populated and impoverished areas of the Cevennes mountains in south-central France in 1878. The terrain with its barren rocky heather-filled hillsides he fotened compared to parts of Scotland. The other principal character is Modestine, a stubborn, manipulative donkey he could never quite master. It is one of the earliest accounts to present hiking and camping outdoors as a recreational activity. It also tells of commissioning one of the first sleeping bags, large and heavy enough to require a donkey to carry. Stevenson is several times mistaken for a peddler, the usual occupation of someone traveling in his fashion. Some locals are horrified that he would sleep outdoors and suggest it is dangerous to do so because of wolves of robbers. Stevenson provides the reader with the philosophy behind his undertaking: For my part, I travel not to go anywhere, but to go. I travel for travel's sake. The great affair is to move; to feel the needs and hitches of our life more clearly; to come down off this feather-bed of civilization, and find the globe granite underfoot and strewn with cutting flints. Alas, as we get up in life, and are more preoccupied with our affairs, even a holiday is a thing that must be worked for. To hold a pack upon a pack-saddle against a gale out of the freezing north is no high industry, but it is one that serves to occupy and compose the mind. And when the present is so exacting who can annoy himself about the future?"
Ghent's stunning architecture, artworks and religious buildings are treasures to behold - rich in splendid significance and beauty.
Tragically, many travel guides simply brush over these beautiful creations as mere check boxes to tick during sightseeing in one of Belgium's loveliest and most underrated towns.
By contrast, Ghent - A Travel Guide of Art and History is designed for tourists who want to achieve in-depth understanding during their perusals of the wondrous achievements in painting, sculpture and design advanced and hosted in Ghent. Rich yet accessible descriptions of the most important and profound works abound, as guidance through the hidden gems and old town districts spur the reader to a strong comprehension.
The book has been crafted as a companion to a more general city guide, to be read as you tour and take in the greatest structures and edifices which Ghent offers in quantity. The beautiful old town of the city centre, and the astounding ecclesiastical wonder of St. Bavo's Cathedral are both described in detail, with the stolid and ancient St. Michael's Bridge also featuring.
By reading this illustrated book composed by lecturer of art and heritage architecture Maxime Jensens, you will imbue your journey with enlightenment it may otherwise have lacked. Comprehension of the historical and architectural clout Ghent has in the context of Flemish culture will imbue your trip with significance.
In all, your traversal of Ghent will be graced not simply with the happy memories of having seen and enjoyed the Belgian culture, food and hospitality - but a meaningful and intense understanding of how significant and inseparable Ghent's art and architecture are from its identity and gravity in the modern day.
This collection of literature attempts to compile many of the classic, timeless works that have stood the test of time and offer them at a reduced, affordable price, in an attractive volume so that everyone can enjoy them.
Alexander Bogdanov was a co-founder, with Lenin, of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Party in 1904. After 1905, Bogdanov criticized Lenin's adaption of Bolshevism to the requirements of Duma politics and his authoritarian style of leadership. Expelled from the Bolshevik fraction in 1909, he at first formed the Forward faction of the RSDRP and then turned increasingly to scholarly and publicistic work. In 1910 he published Faith and Science, replying to Lenin's Materialism and Empiriocritcism, which had been written to discredit him. His ideas on the sociology of culture led to the founding of the Proletkult in 1917 and during the 1920s these ideas were taken up, adapted and often distorted in the course of the 'Cultural Revolution'. Bogdanov's textbooks in sociology and economics were widely used during the 1920s. Seeking to liberate Marxism from the shackles of Hegelianism, he developed a theory of 'organizational science' ('Tektology') which influenced early economic planning through the work of Groman and Bazarov. As a systems thinker, Bogdanov is now viewed as a precursor of Ludwig von Berthalanffy and Norbert Wiener. Arrested by the GPU in 1923, for alleged political opposition, Bogdanov withdrew even further from public life and returned to medicine, his original calling. In 1926 he founded the first Russian Institute of Blood Transfusion, presiding over pioneering work in this sphere until 1928 when he died. During the Stalin years, Bogdanov's works were judged to be heretical and were not republished. It was not until 1989 that his 'Universal Organizational Science' was republished, though his contribution to systems thinking had been recognized by Russian and East European systems thinkers as early as the 1960s. In the West. the importance of Bogdanov as a 'cultural Marxist', as an influence upon Gramsci, and as a pioneer in systems thinking, is increasingly being acknowledged. This bibliography of Bogdanov's works takes advantage of the opening of the Party and State archives and provides references to the principal relevant archives in Europe and the United States. Its publication is a landmark in the history of Bolshevism and in the history of Russian social thought.
Discover the seven kingdoms of Westeros, the land brought to life in George R. R. Martin's Song of Fire and Ice series
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