If you've ever used the phrase "rags to riches," you owe that to Horatio Alger, Jr. (1832-1899), who popularized the idea through his fictional writings that also served as a theme for the way America viewed itself as a country.Alger's works about poor boys rising to better living conditions through hard work, determination, courage, honesty, and morals was popular with both adults and younger readers.
Adherents of theosophy, the esoteric philosophy popular at the turn of the 20th century, believed that science and religion could be reconciled, and that the plan of the universe could and should be understood, and that it was humanity's duty to adapt to that plan. Here, in a series of lectures delivered in Sydney, Australia, in 1915, the renowned spiritualist Charles W. Leadbeater, a leader of theosophical thought, celebrates the new "sub-race" of humanity come to joyful life in the immigrant nations of America, Australia, and New Zealand, where, freed from the social shackles of Old World Europe, races and classes were intermingling to create a new kind of culture, which would in turn reshape the world. Far-reaching and perceptive, this is an extraordinary little volume of social insight and criticism. British author CHARLES WEBSTER LEADBEATER (1854-1934) was ordained as an Anglican priest, but later joined the prominent Theosophical Society and traveled to India to study alternative spiritual and occult practices, eventually settling into his life as a clairvoyant and author. His other works include Man Visible and Invisible and The Science of the Sacrament.
Heliothine moths are major agricultural pests worldwide attacking a wide range of food and fibre crops. The direct costs to farmers of crop damage and control measures are enormous - Helicoverpa and Heliothis species account for billions of dollars lost worldwide each year. This book is a base-line resource for research into new Helicoverpa/Heliothis control methods. Written for the non-taxonomist, purely taxonomic information is separated from that more widely required by most researchers. This work is relevant to everyone involved in Helicoverpa/Heliothis control. General, concise summaries of the agricultural importance of heliothines, their biology, systematic, and morphology are given. An up-to-date summary of heliothine phylogeny - based on morphological and molecular information - provides a framework for organizing and interpreting biological information about all heliothine moths and has worldwide relevance. The 38 Australian heliothine species are detailed with identification information and individual species treatments. All species are illustrated in color, and there are many color photographs of immature stages and live adults. Additionally, there are 351 black and white images. Nomenclatural information of interest to taxonomists appears in an appendix, and includes a full checklist and detailed information of type specimens. A CD-ROM packaged with the book contains a searchable database of all 14,800 Australian heliothine specimens examined; this is a major research tool in itself. The CD-ROM also carries nomenclatural information suitable for loading into bioinformatics packages, and images of type specimens.
Samuel Johnson is not only famous for his English Dictionary, and as the subject of Boswell's great biography; he was also the author of many different kinds of books - biographies, essays, literary criticism, poetry - and a regular though anonymous contributor to newspapers, magazines and to books by others. There was a little of the business of authors that he did not know, or about which he did not express a judgement. This bibliography by the distinguished Johnson scholar, the late J.D. Fleeman, records Johnson's literary output in chronological order, illuminating not only his multifarious writings but also the development of his career and reputation as a professional writer. It reveals the range of his work and the variety of his anonymous contributions (some of them first identified by Fleeman). Detailed analysis of the works examined sheds light on the practices of the 18th century book trade, and indentified editions, early and late, many of which are valuable and unjustly neglected. The bibliography also lists new editions up to 1984, the bicentenary of Johnson's death, charting the course of his posthumous literary reputation.
Australian literature is one of the richest bodies of work in world literature, dealing not only with "local" Australian issues but also with themes and questions at the forefront of global literary discussion. This comprehensive new Companion takes a fresh look at Australian literature since 1900, taking a broad view of what literature is and viewing it with Australian cultural and societal concerns in mind. Especially relevant here is the heightened role accorded to Australia's indigenous people -- both in literature and in public discourse in the wider sense -- following the landmark 1992 Mabo decision on Aboriginal land rights. Thus two full chapters are devoted to indigenous literature and indigenous issues, which also inform many of the other chapters. Attention to other multicultural connections -- in chapters on Asian-Australian and Jewish-Australian literature and Australian-New Zealand literary relations -- reveal dimensions that few have fully examined. At the same time, the competing pull of Australia's continued connection to Great Britain is given its due.There are chapters on internationally prominent authors such as Patrick White, Peter Carey, David Malouf, and Christina Stead, as well as those of growing reputation such as Gerald Murnane and Tim Winton and less-publicized yet crucially important writers such as Xavier Herbert and Dorothy Hewett. There are also chapters on prose fiction, poetry, drama, children's literature, science fiction, and regional literature, as well as on women's writing and gay and lesbian writing. Together, the articles demonstrate that Australian literature is part of world literature, going beyond Eurocentric ideas of national literary history to reveal the full, resplendent variety of Australian writing. Nicholas Birns teaches literature at the New School in New York City and is editor of Antipodes: A North American Journal of Australian Literature and author of Understanding Anthony Powell (2004). Rebecca McNeer is Associate Dean at Ohio Southern University and has published on Shakespeare, Virginia Woolf, and Australian literature
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